- Heart diseases
- Lung diseases
Kerala Ayurveda's Parthadyarishtam is a medicine that is one of the prescriptions to bring about lipid balance and may be prescribed to those suffering from chest pain, blood pressure, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, and ischemic cardiomyopathy.
|Arjuna Bark (Terminalia Arjuna)||Draksha (Vitis Vinifera)|
|Mahua/Madhuca flowers (Madhuca Indica)||Water required for making a decoction|
|Gur/Guda (Jaggery)||Dhataki flowers (Woodfordia Fruticosa)|
Cardiovascular health is of utmost importance. Cardiovascular disorders or problems that affect the heart and blood vessels are some of the most common overall health problems worldwide. Heart disease is a general term that refers to blood circulation problems in the heart. It is the result of atherosclerosis or the narrowing of the arteries caused by plaque buildup. When an individual has heart disease, it increases the risk for other cardiovascular problems occurring, such as heart attack or stroke.
There are three main types of cardiovascular disease (CVD): stroke, coronary heart disease, and heart failure.
An ischemic stroke (the most common type of stroke) occurs when a blood vessel that feeds the brain gets blocked, usually from a blood clot. When the blood supply to a part of the brain is cut off, some brain cells will begin to die. This can result in the loss of functions controlled by that part of the brain, such as walking or talking.
A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a blood vessel within the brain bursts. This is most often caused by uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure). Some effects of stroke are permanent if too many brain cells die after being starved of oxygen. These cells are never replaced.
Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as coronary heart disease (CHD) or ischemic heart disease (IHD), involves the reduction of blood flow to the heart muscle due to the build-up of plaque in the arteries of the heart. It is the most common of the cardiovascular diseases.
Heart failure, sometimes known as congestive heart failure, occurs when the heart muscle doesn't pump blood as well as it should. Certain conditions, such as narrowed arteries in the heart (coronary artery disease) or high blood pressure, gradually leave the heart too weak or stiff to fill and pump efficiently.
There are many causes that can lead to any of the cardiovascular diseases. Some common causes include being overweight, lack of physical activity, poor nutrition, and smoking. There are some causes that are genetic and some others to consider such as depression and feeling isolated from loved ones and friends. Here are the common causes of cardiovascular diseases:
Ayurvedic tradition views the body, mind, and spirit as inseparable parts of a single, integrated whole. One of the basic tenets of Ayurveda is that man is a microcosm of the very world that he inhabits. Ayurveda postulates that all living beings are made up of the same five elements in varying degrees, specific to each form, matter, and species. These five elements combine with each other to form the three humors of Vata, Pitta and Kapha (also called the Tridoshas in unison) which is the cornerstone of Ayurvedic philosophy.
If changes in these elements do occur, then this leads to an imbalance in the body that leads to discomfort and then disease or illness. When it comes to matters of the heart, the Vedic sciences of Ayurveda view the heart as a critically important energetic hub in the body, where a diverse range of physical and energetic pathways intersect.
Any illness or health pertaining to any part of the body can very powerfully affect change in the heart, and all of the systems and channels that intersect in the heart are deeply influenced by the health of the heart itself. According to Ayurveda, the heart is an important seat (primary location) of vata, pitta, kapha, and ojas (the subtle essence of vitality and immunity), and it plays a crucial role in a number of internal bodily channels (srotamsi). The heart is also deeply integrated with the subtle body, which permeates and informs the physical body, extends beyond the physical form, and is more energetic in nature. As a result, the heart is an important crossroads among pathways through the subtle body (nadis), and it is intimately connected to the heart chakra as well.
According to Ayurveda, cardiovascular diseases are most often related to deviations in Pitta energy. This is especially true with regard to heart attacks and strokes because when Pitta is out of balance it causes 'fiery' negative emotions, ie. intense irritability, agitation, jealousy, and rage. However, heart diseases may be related to imbalances of the other two Doshas as well. Vata usually causes imbalances when the person is older, when the tissues start to age and when the blood vessels start to lose their elasticity. The heart problems of the Kapha type usually occur due to overeating and accumulated fat, cholesterol, mucus that prevent the normal function of the cardiovascular system.
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